Akustik - Bestämning av ljudeffektnivåer och ljudenerginivåer hos bullerkällor med användning av ljudtryck - Överslagsmetod med användning av omslutande yta över en reflekterande yta (ISO 3746:2010)
This International Standard specifies methods for determining the sound power level or sound energy level of a noise source from sound pressure levels measured on a surface enveloping a noise source (machinery or equipment) in a test environment for which requirements are given. The sound power level (or, in the case of noise bursts or transient noise emission, the sound energy level) produced by the noise source with frequency A-weighting applied is calculated using those measurements.
NOTE Differently shaped measurement surfaces can yield differing estimates of the sound power level of a given noise source and an appropriately drafted test code (see ISO 12001) gives detailed information on the selection of the surface.
1.2 Types of noise and noise sources
The methods specified in this International Standard are suitable for all types of noise (steady, non-steady, fluctuating, isolated bursts of sound energy, etc.) defined in ISO 12001.
This International Standard is applicable to all types and sizes of noise source (e.g. stationary or slowly moving plant, installation, machine, component or sub-assembly), provided the conditions for the measurements can be met.
NOTE The conditions for measurements given in this International Standard can be impracticable for very tall or very long sources such as chimneys, ducts, conveyors, and multi-source industrial plants. A test code for the determination of noise emission of specific sources can provide alternative methods in such cases.
1.3 Test environment
The test environments that are applicable for measurements made in accordance with this International Standard can be located indoors or outdoors, with one or more sound-reflecting planes present on or near which the noise source under test is mounted.