Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures - Part 1-2: General rules - Structural fire design
(1) This Part 1-2 of EN 1994 deals with the design of composite steel and concrete structures for the accidental situation of fire exposure and is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 1994-1-1 and EN 1991-1-2. This Part 1-2 only identifies differences from, or supplements to, normal temperature design.
(2) This Part 1-2 of EN 1994 deals only with passive methods of fire protection. Active methods are not covered.
(3) This Part 1-2 of EN 1994 applies to composite steel and concrete structures that are required to fulfil certain functions when exposed to fire, in terms of:
- avoiding premature collapse of the structure (load bearing function);
- limiting fire spread (flame, hot gases, excessive heat) beyond designated areas (separating function).
(4) This Part 1-2 of EN 1994 gives principles and application rules (see EN 1991-1-2) for designing structures for specified requirements in respect of the aforementioned functions and the levels of performance.
(5) This Part 1-2 of EN 1994 applies to structures, or parts of structures, that are within the scope of EN 1994-1-1 and are designed accordingly. However, no rules are given for composite elements which include prestressed concrete parts.
(6) For all composite cross-sections longitudinal shear connection between steel and concrete should be in accordance with EN 1994-1-1 or be verified by tests (see also 18.104.22.168.5 and Annex I).